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History of Reform Efforts: Texas

Formal Changes Since Inception

1845
All judges appointed by governor with senate consent to six-year terms.

1866
All judges elected by the people. Tenure of supreme court justices changed to ten years, district court judges to eight years, and county court judges to four years.

1869
Supreme court justices appointed by the governor with senate consent to nine-year terms. District court judges appointed by the governor with senate consent to eight-year terms. County court judges elected by the people to four-year terms.

1876
Supreme court justices elected by the people to six-year terms. Court of civil appeals created, with justices elected to six-year terms. District court judges elected by the people to four-year terms. County court judges elected by the people to two-year terms.

1891
Court of criminal appeals created, with justices elected to six-year terms.

1965
Amendment to the constitution provided for automatic retirement of district and appellate judges for old age, and created the state judicial qualifications commission to remove judges for misconduct and disability.