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State of West Virginia

History of Reform Efforts: West Virginia

Altering Selection Methods

Selection method and term lengths for West Virginia judges are prescribed in the state's constitution, although the legislature may determine whether elections are partisan or nonpartisan. Moving away from judicial elections or altering term lengths must occur through constitutional amendment. Amendments may be proposed in either house of the legislature and must be approved by two thirds of the legislature's members. The proposed amendment must be ratified by a majority of voters at a special election or the next general election.