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State of Missouri

History of Reform Efforts: Missouri

Altering Selection Methods

Selection method and term lengths for Missouri judges are prescribed in the state's constitution. Constitutional amendments may be proposed by a majority of the members of each house of the general assembly or by initiative petition signed by 8% of the voters in each of two thirds of the state's congressional districts. Proposed amendments must be ratified by a majority of voters at the next general election or at a special election. The constitution also provides an initiative process through which the counties in each judicial circuit can adopt merit selection or return to partisan elections for circuit court judges.