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State of Oregon

Methods of Judicial Selection: Oregon

Selection of Judges

Number of Judgeships
Supreme Court: 7
Court of Appeals: 10
Circuit Court: 173
Number of Districts/Circuits
Supreme Court: --
Court of Appeals: --
Circuit Court: 27
Geographic Basis for Selection
Supreme Court: statewide
Court of Appeals: statewide
Circuit Court: district
Method of Selection (full term)
Supreme Court: nonpartisan election*+
Court of Appeals: nonpartisan election*+
Circuit Court: nonpartisan election*+
Length of Term
Supreme Court: 6 yrs
Court of Appeals: 6 yrs
Circuit Court: 6 yrs
Method of Retention
Supreme Court: reelection
Court of Appeals: reelection
Circuit Court: reelection
Length of Subsequent Terms
Supreme Court: 6 yrs
Court of Appeals: 6 yrs
Circuit Court: 6 yrs
Method of Filling Interim Vacancies
Supreme Court: gubernatorial appointment
Court of Appeals: gubernatorial appointment
Circuit Court: gubernatorial appointment
When Interim Judges Stand for Election/Appointment
Supreme Court: next general election more than 60 days after appointment
Court of Appeals: next general election more than 60 days after appointment
Circuit Court: next general election more than 60 days after appointment
Selection of Chief Judge/Justice
Supreme Court: peer vote
Court of Appeals: chief justice appoints
Circuit Court: chief justice appoints
Term of Office for Chief Judge/Justice
Supreme Court: 6 yrs
Court of Appeals: 2 yrs
Circuit Court: 2 yrs
Qualifications
Supreme Court: U.S. citizen; state resident 3 yrs; state bar member; mandatory retirement age of 75
Court of Appeals: elector of county of residence; state bar member; mandatory retirement age of 75
Circuit Court: U.S. citizen; state resident 3 yrs; circuit resident 1 yr; state bar member; mandatory retirement age of 75

Selection and retention methods and term lengths are prescribed by Article VII (Amended) of the Oregon Constitution. 

*The two candidates receiving the greatest number of votes in the primary election compete in the general election.

+Incumbency is designated on the ballot by the word 'Incumbent' underneath the name of the current judge in the position up for reelection.