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State of New York

Methods of Judicial Selection: New York

Selection of Judges

Number of Judgeships
Court of Appeals: 7
Appellate Division, Supreme Court: 60
Supreme Court: 324
County Court: 125
Number of Districts/Circuits
Court of Appeals: --
Appellate Division, Supreme Court: 4 departments
Supreme Court: 12 districts
County Court: 57 counties outside NYC
Geographic Basis for Selection
Court of Appeals: statewide
Appellate Division, Supreme Court: statewide*
Supreme Court: district
County Court: county
Method of Selection (full term)
Court of Appeals: gubernatorial appointment from nominating commission with senate consent
Appellate Division, Supreme Court: gubernatorial appointment from nominating commission**
Supreme Court: partisan election***
County Court: partisan election
Length of Term
Court of Appeals: 14 yrs
Appellate Division, Supreme Court: 5 yrs or through end of supreme court term, whichever is shorter
Supreme Court: 14 yrs
County Court: 10 yrs
Method of Retention
Court of Appeals: gubernatorial appointment from nominating commission with senate consent
Appellate Division, Supreme Court: gubernatorial appointment from nominating commission**
Supreme Court: reelection
County Court: reelection
Length of Subsequent Terms
Court of Appeals: 14 yrs
Appellate Division, Supreme Court: 5 yrs
Supreme Court: 14 yrs
County Court: 10 yrs
Method of Filling Interim Vacancies
Court of Appeals: gubernatorial apppointment from nominating commission with senate consent
Appellate Division, Supreme Court: gubernatorial appointment from nominating commission**
Supreme Court: gubernatorial appointment from nominatng commission with senate consent
County Court: gubernatorial appointment from nominating commission with senate consent
When Interim Judges Stand for Election/Appointment
Court of Appeals: 14 yrs
Appellate Division, Supreme Court: serve 5 yrs or through end of supreme court term, whichever is shorter
Supreme Court: next general election more than 3 months after vacancy
County Court: next general election more than 3 months after vacancy
Selection of Chief Judge/Justice
Court of Appeals: gubernatorial appointment from nominating commission with senate consent
Appellate Division, Supreme Court: gubernatorial appointment from nominating commission
Supreme Court: ****
County Court: ****
Term of Office for Chief Judge/Justice
Court of Appeals: 14 yrs
Appellate Division, Supreme Court: serves through end of supreme court term
Supreme Court: ****
County Court: ****
Qualifications
Court of Appeals: state resident; state practice > 10 yrs; mandatory retirement age of 70
Appellate Division, Supreme Court: state resident; state practice > 10 yrs; minimum age of 18; mandatory retirement ae of 70
Supreme Court: state resident; state practice > 10 yrs; minimum age of 18; mandatory retirement age of 70
County Court: state resident; county resident; state practice > 5 yrs; minimum age of 18; mandatory retirement age of 70

Selection and retention methods and term lengths are prescribed by Article VI of the New York Constitution and by Executive Order No. 15.

*The presiding justice of each appellate division must be a resident of the department.

**Justices of the appellate division are chosen from all justices elected to the supreme court.

***Candidates are chosen at partisan nominating conventions.

****The chief administrative judge of New York appoints one deputy chief administrative judge to supervise the trial courts of New York City and one to supervise trial courts outside New York City. Administrative judges are also assigned in each judicial district and in each of the major New York City courts.