Select a State:

State of Maryland

Methods of Judicial Selection: Maryland

Selection of Judges

Number of Judgeships
Court of Appeals: 7
Court of Special Appeals: 13
Circuit Court: 153
Number of Districts/Circuits
Court of Appeals: --
Court of Special Appeals: --
Circuit Court: --
Geographic Basis for Selection
Court of Appeals: circuit
Court of Special Appeals: circuit
Circuit Court: county/city
Method of Selection (full term)
Court of Appeals: gubernatorial appointment from nominating commission with senate confirmation
Court of Special Appeals: gubernatorial appointment from nominating commission with senate confirmation
Circuit Court: gubernatorial appointment from nominating commission and/or nonpartisan election
Length of Term
Court of Appeals: at least one year
Court of Special Appeals: at least one year
Circuit Court: at least one year
Method of Retention
Court of Appeals: retention election
Court of Special Appeals: retention election
Circuit Court: nonpartisan election*
Length of Subsequent Terms
Court of Appeals: 10 years
Court of Special Appeals: 10 years
Circuit Court: 15 years
Method of Filling Interim Vacancies
Court of Appeals: gubernatorial appointment from nominating commission with senate confirmation
Court of Special Appeals: gubernatorial appointment from nominating commission with senate confirmation
Circuit Court: gubernatorial appointment from nominating commission
When Interim Judges Stand for Election/Appointment
Court of Appeals: first general election at least one year after vacancy
Court of Special Appeals: first general election at least one year after vacancy
Circuit Court: first general election at least one year after vacancy
Selection of Chief Judge/Justice
Court of Appeals: designated by governor
Court of Special Appeals: designated by governor
Circuit Court: seniority
Term of Office for Chief Judge/Justice
Court of Appeals: indefinite
Court of Special Appeals: indefinite
Circuit Court: N/A
Qualifications
Court of Appeals: U.S. and state citizen; registered to vote in state elections; state resident 5 yrs; circuit resident 6 mos; 30 yrs of age; state bar member; mandatory retirement age of 70
Court of Special Appeals: U.S. and state citizen; registered to vote in state elections; state resident 5 yrs; circuit resident 6 mos; 30 yrs of age; state bar member; mandatory retirement age of 70
Circuit Court: U.S. and state citizen; registered to vote in state elections; state resident 5 yrs; circuit resident 6 mos; 30 yrs of age; state bar member; mandatory retirement age of 70

Selection and retention methods and term lengths are prescribed by Article IV of the Maryland Constitution and Executive Order 01.01.2007.08.

*The names of incumbent judges and challengers appear without party affiliation on both the Republican and Democratic primary ballots. The top votegetters in each primary compete in the general election. Ballots do not denote incumbents.