Select a State:

Methods of Judicial Selection: Idaho

Selection of Judges

Number of Judgeships
Supreme Court: 5
Court of Appeals: 3
District Court: 40
Number of Districts/Circuits
Supreme Court: 0
Court of Appeals: 0
District Court: 7
Geographic Basis for Selection
Supreme Court: statewide
Court of Appeals: statewide
District Court: district
Method of Selection (full term)
Supreme Court: nonpartisan election*+
Court of Appeals: nonpartisan election*+
District Court: nonpartisan election*+
Length of Term
Supreme Court: 6 yrs
Court of Appeals: 6 yrs
District Court: 4 yrs
Method of Retention
Supreme Court: reelection
Court of Appeals: reelection
District Court: reelection
Length of Subsequent Terms
Supreme Court: 6 yrs
Court of Appeals: 6 yrs
District Court: 4 yrs
Method of Filling Interim Vacancies
Supreme Court: gubernatorial appointment from nominating commission
Court of Appeals: gubernatorial appointment from nominating commission
District Court: gubernatorial appointment from nominating commission
When Interim Judges Stand for Election/Appointment
Supreme Court: hold office for remainder of unexpired term
Court of Appeals: hold office for remainder of unexpired term
District Court: hold office for remainder of unexpired term
Selection of Chief Judge/Justice
Supreme Court: peer vote
Court of Appeals: chief justice
District Court: peer vote
Term of Office for Chief Judge/Justice
Supreme Court: 4 yrs
Court of Appeals: 2 yrs
District Court: 3 yrs
Qualifications
Supreme Court: 30 yrs of age; U.S. citizen; state resident 2 yrs; 10 yrs practice of law in ID
Court of Appeals: 30 yrs of age; U.S. citizen; state resident 2 yrs; 10 yrs practice of law in ID
District Court: 30 yrs of age; U.S. citizen; state resident 2 yrs; resident of judicial district 1 yr; 10 yrs practice of law

Selection and retention methods and term lengths are prescribed by Article V of the Idaho Constitution and Sec. 1-2404 of the Idaho Code.

*If no candidate in the primary election wins a majority of the vote, the top two vote getters compete in a runoff election in the general election.

+Incumbency is designated on the ballot by the name of the previous occupant of the position, assuming that judge runs for reelection.