Select a State:

State of Georgia

Methods of Judicial Selection: Georgia

Selection of Judges

Number of Judgeships
Supreme Court: 9
Court of Appeals: 12
Superior Court: 202
Number of Districts/Circuits
Supreme Court: --
Court of Appeals: --
Superior Court: 49
Geographic Basis for Selection
Supreme Court: statewide
Court of Appeals: statewide
Superior Court: county
Method of Selection (full term)
Supreme Court: nonpartisan election*+
Court of Appeals: nonpartisan election*+
Superior Court: nonpartisan election*+
Length of Term
Supreme Court: 6 yrs
Court of Appeals: 6 yrs
Superior Court: 4 yrs
Method of Retention
Supreme Court: reelection
Court of Appeals: reelection
Superior Court: reelection
Length of Subsequent Terms
Supreme Court: 6 yrs
Court of Appeals: 6 yrs
Superior Court: 4 yrs
Method of Filling Interim Vacancies
Supreme Court: gubernatorial appointment from nominating commission
Court of Appeals: gubernatorial appointment from nominating commission
Superior Court: gubernatorial appointment from nominating commission
When Interim Judges Stand for Election/Appointment
Supreme Court: next general election held more than 6 months after appointment; serve remainder of unexpired term
Court of Appeals: next general election held more than 6 months after appointment; serve remainder
Superior Court: next general election held more than 6 months after appointment; serve remainder of unexpired term
Selection of Chief Judge/Justice
Supreme Court: peer vote
Court of Appeals: peer vote**
Superior Court: varies by circuit
Term of Office for Chief Judge/Justice
Supreme Court: 4 yrs
Court of Appeals: 2 yrs
Superior Court: varies by circuit
Qualifications
Supreme Court: state resident; admitted to practice law 7 yrs
Court of Appeals: state resident; admitted to practice law 7 yrs
Superior Court: state resident 3 yrs; circuit resident; admitted to practice law 7 yrs; minimum age of 30

Selection and retention methods and term lengths are prescribed by Article VI of the Georgia Constitution.

*If no candidate wins a plurality of the vote in the primary election, there is a runoff in the general election.

**The chief judge is usually the most senior judge who has not yet held the position.

+Incumbency is designated on the ballot by the name of the previous occupant of the position, assuming that judge runs for reelection.