Select a State:

State of District of Columbia

Methods of Judicial Selection: District of Columbia

Selection of Judges

Number of Judgeships
Court of Appeals: 9
Superior Court: 63
Number of Districts/Circuits
Court of Appeals: --
Superior Court: --
Geographic Basis for Selection
Court of Appeals: --
Superior Court: --
Method of Selection (full term)
Court of Appeals: presidential appointment from judicial nomination commission, with senate confirmation
Superior Court: presidential appointment from judicial nomination commission, with senate confirmation
Length of Term
Court of Appeals: 15 yrs
Superior Court: 15 yrs
Method of Retention
Court of Appeals: reappointment
Superior Court: reappointment
Length of Subsequent Terms
Court of Appeals: 15 yrs
Superior Court: 15 yrs
Method of Filling Interim Vacancies
Court of Appeals: presidential appointment from judicial nomination commission
Superior Court: presidential appointment from judicial nomination commission, with senate confirmation
When Interim Judges Stand for Election/Appointment
Court of Appeals: --
Superior Court: --
Selection of Chief Judge/Justice
Court of Appeals: designated by the judicial nomination commission
Superior Court: designated by the judicial nomination commission
Term of Office for Chief Judge/Justice
Court of Appeals: 4 yrs
Superior Court: 4 yrs
Qualifications
Court of Appeals: U.S. citizen; D.C. resident > 90 days prior to appointment; 5 yrs as active member of D.C. bar, professor at D.C. law school, or attorney employed by U.S. or D.C. government; mandatory retirement at 74
Superior Court: U.S. citizen; D.C. resident > 90 days prior to appointment; 5 yrs as active member of D.C. bar, professor at D.C. law school, or attorney employed by U.S. or D.C. government; mandatory retirement at 74

Selection and retention methods and term lengths are prescribed by D.C. Code 1-204.31 and 1-204.33.

Note: The superior court consists of a family court and civil, criminal, probate, and tax divisions.