Select a State:

State of Arkansas

Methods of Judicial Selection: Arkansas

Selection of Judges

Number of Judgeships
Supreme Court: 7
Court of Appeals: 12
Circuit Court: 122
Number of Districts/Circuits
Supreme Court: 1
Court of Appeals: 7
Circuit Court: 23
Geographic Basis for Selection
Supreme Court: statewide
Court of Appeals: district
Circuit Court: circuit
Method of Selection (full term)
Supreme Court: nonpartisan election*+
Court of Appeals: nonpartisan election*+
Circuit Court: nonpartisan election*+
Length of Term
Supreme Court: 8 yrs
Court of Appeals: 6 yrs
Circuit Court: 6 yrs
Method of Retention
Supreme Court: reelection
Court of Appeals: reelection
Circuit Court: reelection
Length of Subsequent Terms
Supreme Court: 8 yrs
Court of Appeals: 6 yrs
Circuit Court: 6 yrs
Method of Filling Interim Vacancies
Supreme Court: gubernatorial appointment
Court of Appeals: gubernatorial appointment
Circuit Court: gubernatorial appointment
When Interim Judges Stand for Election/Appointment
Supreme Court: next general election at least 4 mos after vacancy occurred
Court of Appeals: next general election at least 4 mos after vacancy occurred
Circuit Court: next general election at least 4 mos after vacancy occurred
Selection of Chief Judge/Justice
Supreme Court: popular election
Court of Appeals: chief justice appoints
Circuit Court: supreme court appoints
Term of Office for Chief Judge/Justice
Supreme Court: 8 yrs
Court of Appeals: 4 yrs
Circuit Court: no set term
Qualifications
Supreme Court: 30 yrs of age; of good moral character; learned in the law; U.S. citizen; state resident > 2 yrs; 8 yrs practice of law
Court of Appeals: 30 yrs of age; of good moral charater; learned in the law; U.S. citizen; state resident > 2 yrs ; 8 yrs practice of law
Circuit Court: 28 yrs of age; of good moral character; learned in the law; U.S. citizen; state resident > 2 yrs; 6 yrs practice of law

Selection and retention methods and term lengths are prescribed by Amendment 80 of the Arkansas Constitution. 

*Judicial candidates run in a nonpartisan primary election. If no candidate receives a majority of the vote, there is a runoff in the general election.

+Incumbency is designated on the ballot by including the current title of a judge.