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Methods of Judicial Selection: Ohio

Removal of Judges

Ohio judges may be removed in one of three ways:
  • Complaints alleging judicial misconduct may be filed with the disciplinary counsel or with a certified grievance committee of the board of commissioners on grievances and discipline, both of which have the authority to investigate and file formal complaints with the board. If two thirds of the members of the board believe there is substantial credible evidence to support the complaint, the supreme court appoints a commission of five judges to determine whether retirement, removal, or suspension is warranted. The commission's decision may be appealed to the supreme court.

  • Judges may be removed by a concurrent resolution of two thirds of the members of both houses of the general assembly.

  • Judges may be impeached by a majority vote of the house of representatives and convicted by a two-thirds vote of the senate.