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State of Virginia

Methods of Judicial Selection: Virginia

Limited Jurisdiction Courts

General District Court
Jurisdiction: civil cases < $15,000; violations of ordinances and county/city by-laws; misdemeanors; traffic offenses; preliminary hearings; no jury trials
Selection of Judges: legislative election*
Retention of Judges: legislative reelection
Qualifications: state and local resident; state bar member 5 yrs; maximum age of 70
Juvenile and Domestic Relations District Courts
Jurisdiction: juvenile and domestic relations cases
Selection of Judges: legislative election*
Retention of Judges: legislative reelection
Qualifications: state and local resident; state bar member 5 yrs; maximum age of 70
*Vacancies occurring when the general assembly is not in session are filled by the circuit court judges of the corresponding circuit. Appointees must be confirmed at the next legislative session.