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State of Pennsylvania

Methods of Judicial Selection: Pennsylvania

Limited Jurisdiction Courts

Philadelphia Municipal Court
Jurisdiction: criminal matters; civil cases < $10,000; arraignments; warrants
Selection of Judges: partisan election
Retention of Judges: retention election
Qualifications: 1 yr local resident; minimum age of 21; maximum age of 70; state bar member
Philadelphia Traffic Court
Jurisdiction: all summary offenses arising under the Motor Vehicle Code and related city ordinances
Selection of Judges: partisan election
Retention of Judges: retention election
Qualifications: 1 yr local resident; minimum age of 21; maximum age of 70; must be state bar member or complete training course and pass exam
Magisterial District Judge Court
Jurisdiction: nonjury trials concerning criminal summary matters; civil claims < $8,000; landlord-tenant, assumpsit, and trespass actions; preliminary hearings and arraignments
Selection of Judges: partisan election
Retention of Judges: reelection
Qualifications: 1 yr local resident; minimum age of 21; maximum age of 70; must be state bar member or complete training course and pass exam