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State of Oregon

Methods of Judicial Selection: Oregon

Limited Jurisdiction Courts

Tax Court
Jurisdiction: cases involving state tax laws
Selection of Judges: nonpartisan election*
Retention of Judges: reelection
Qualifications: U.S. citizen; state resident 3 yrs; state bar member; mandatory retirement age of 75
County Court
Jurisdiction: juvenile and probate matters
Selection of Judges: nonpartisan election*
Retention of Judges: reelection
Qualifications: U.S. citizen; state elector; county resident 1 yr
Justice Court
Jurisdiction: civil matters < $5,000; concurrent jurisdiction with circuit court over criminal, civil, and traffic cases except for felony trials
Selection of Judges: nonpartisan election*
Retention of Judges: reelection
Qualifications: U.S. citizen; state resident 3 yrs; resident of justice court district 1 yr
Municipal Court
Jurisdiction: municipal ordinance violations; state liquor law violations; nonfelonious state traffic offenses
Selection of Judges: appointed by city council/elected
Retention of Judges: reappointment/reelection
Qualifications: determined by city council or city charter
*The two candidates receiving the greatest number of votes in the primary election compete in the general election.