Select a State:

State of Montana

Methods of Judicial Selection: Montana

Limited Jurisdiction Courts

Water Court
Jurisdiction: water rights claims
Selection of Judges: majority vote of a committee composed of district court judges
Retention of Judges: reappointment or redesignation
Qualifications: U.S. citizen; state resident 2 yrs; admitted to practice law in Montana 5 yrs
Workers' Compensation Court
Jurisdiction: issues arising under the Workers' Compensation Act and the Occupational Disease Act
Selection of Judges: gubernatorial appointment from nominating commission
Retention of Judges: reappointment
Qualifications: U.S. citizen; state resident 2 yrs; admitted to practice law in Montana 5 yrs
City Court
Jurisdiction: tort, contract, real estate rights < $7,000, small claims < $3,000, and domestic violence cases; misdemeanors; traffic violations; preliminary hearings
Selection of Judges: nonpartisan election or appointment
Retention of Judges: reelection or reappointment
Qualifications: U.S. citizen and county resident 1 yr
Municipal Court
Jurisdiction: tort, contract, real estate rights < $7,000, small claims < $3,000, and domestic violence cases; misdemeanors; traffic violations
Selection of Judges: nonpartisan election
Retention of Judges: reelection
Qualifications: U.S. citizen; state resident 2 yrs; county resident 2 yrs; admitted to practice law in Montana 3 yrs
Justice of the Peace
Jurisdiction: tort, contract, real property rights < $7,000, small claims < $3,000, and domestic violence cases; misdemeanors; traffic violations; preliminary hearings
Selection of Judges: nonpartisan election
Retention of Judges: reelection
Qualifications: U.S. citizen and county resident 1 yr