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State of Mississippi

Methods of Judicial Selection: Mississippi

Limited Jurisdiction Courts

Chancery Court
Jurisdiction: equity matters; domestic matters; guardianships; sanity hearings; wills; challenges to constitutionality of state laws; juvenile cases if no county court
Selection of Judges: nonpartisan election
Retention of Judges: reelection
Qualifications: practicing attorney 5 yrs; minimum age of 26; state citizen 5 yrs; district resident
County Court
Jurisdiction: civil actions up to $200,000; misdemeanors; felony preliminaries; juvenile cases; appeals de novo
Selection of Judges: nonpartisan election
Retention of Judges: reelection
Qualifications: practicing attorney 5 yrs; minimum age of 26; state citizen 5 yrs
Justice Court
Jurisdiction: civil actions up to $3,500; misdemeanors; felony preliminaries
Selection of Judges: nonpartisan election
Retention of Judges: reelection
Qualifications: qualified elector; county and district resident 2 yrs; high school graduate or its equivalent; completion of education and training course and competency exam within 6 mos of taking office
Municipal Court
Jurisdiction: municipal ordinance violations; hearings in criminal matters
Selection of Judges: appointment by municipality
Retention of Judges: serve during good behavior
Qualifications: law degree required in cities with populations > 10,000