Select a State:

State of Michigan

Methods of Judicial Selection: Michigan

Limited Jurisdiction Courts

District Court
Jurisdiction: civil cases < $25,000 excluding equity; small claims < $3,000; misdemeanors; ordinance violations; felony preliminaries; landlord/tenant or summary proceedings
Selection of Judges: nonpartisan election
Retention of Judges: reelection
Qualifications: qualified elector of district; licensed to practice law in state; 5 yrs practice of law; less than 70 yrs of age
Probate Court
Jurisdiction: cases involving guardianships, estates, trusts, and the mentally ill
Selection of Judges: nonpartisan election
Retention of Judges: reelection
Qualifications: qualified elector of district; licensed to practice law in state; 5 yrs practice of law; less than 70 yrs of age
Municipal Court
Jurisdiction: civil and landlord/tenant cases < $1,500; conciliation division up to $100; misdemeanors, traffic, and ordinance violations < $500 or 1 yr
Selection of Judges: nonpartisan election
Retention of Judges: reelection
Qualifications: qualified elector of municipality; licensed to practice law in state; less than 70 yrs of age