Select a State:

State of Louisiana

Methods of Judicial Selection: Louisiana

Limited Jurisdiction Courts

Family Court
Jurisdiction: delinquency cases; adoption proceedings; divorce actions; annulment of marriage; paternity cases; spousal and child support; custody and visitation cases
Selection of Judges: partisan election
Retention of Judges: reelection
Qualifications: 8 yrs state practice; 1 yr parish resident; law degree; maximum age of 70
Parish Court
Jurisdiction: civil cases < $20,000; criminal cases punishable by fines < $1,000 or imprisonment < 6 months
Selection of Judges: partisan election
Retention of Judges: reelection
Qualifications: 8 yrs state practice; 1 yr local resident; law degree; maximum age of 70
Juvenile Court
Jurisdiction: delinquency cases; adoption proceedings
Selection of Judges: partisan election
Retention of Judges: reelection
Qualifications: 8 yrs state practice; 1 yr local resident; law degree; maximum age of 70
Justice of the Peace
Jurisdiction: civil jurisdiction < $3,000 (with some exceptions); property cases < $2,000; landlord/tenant cases < $3,000; eviction cases
Selection of Judges: partisan election
Retention of Judges: reelection
Qualifications: 2 yrs local resident; 2 yrs state resident; law degree; maximum age 70
City Court
Jurisdiction: civil cases in which the amount in dispute does not exceed between $10,000 and $35,000, depending on the court; ordinance violations; misdemeanors; traffic cases
Selection of Judges: partisan elections
Retention of Judges: reelection
Qualifications: 5 yrs state practice; 2 yrs local resident; law degree; maximum age of 70
Mayor's Court
Jurisdiction: violations of municipal ordinances
Selection of Judges: varies
Retention of Judges: varies
Qualifications: 2 yrs local resident; 2 yrs state resident; maximum age 70

Note: Family courts sit in East Baton Rouge. Juvenile courts sit in Caddo, Orleans, Jefferson, and East Baton Rouge.