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State of Hawaii

Methods of Judicial Selection: Hawaii

Limited Jurisdiction Courts

Family Court
Jurisdiction: legal matters involving children and domestic relations cases
Selection of Judges: chief justice appointment from nominating commission with senate confirmation
Retention of Judges: retained by nominating commission
Qualifications: state and U.S. resident and citizen; circuit resident; 5 yrs state practice; mandatory retirement at 70
District Court
Jurisdiction: traffic infractions; landlord/tenant disputes; non-jury civil trials < $10,000; civil cases < $20,000; criminal misdemeanors; petitions for restraining orders
Selection of Judges: chief justice appointment from nominating commission with senate confirmation
Retention of Judges: retained by nominating commission
Qualifications: state and U.S. resident and citizen; circuit resident; 5 yrs state practice; mandatory retirement at 70
Land Court
Jurisdiction: applications for registration of title to land and easements or rights in land held and possessed
Selection of Judges: land court matters are assigned to judges of the circuit court of the first circuit by the administrative judge
Retention of Judges: *
Qualifications: *
Tax Court
Jurisdiction: disputes involving property, excise, liquor, tobacco, income, and insurance taxes
Selection of Judges: tax appeal court matters are assigned to judges of the circuit court of the first circuit by the administrative judge
Retention of Judges: **
Qualifications: **

*Land court matters are assigned to judges of the circuit court of the first circuit by the administrative judge.

**Tax appeal court matters are assigned to judges of the circuit court of the first circuit by the administrative judge.