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State of Arkansas

Methods of Judicial Selection: Arkansas

Limited Jurisdiction Courts

District Court
Jurisdiction: county-wide jurisdiction over misdemeanor cases, preliminary felony cases, and civil cases in matters of less than $5,000
Selection of Judges: nonpartisan election
Retention of Judges: reelection
Qualifications: 26 yrs of age; 3 yrs practice of law (some local exceptions); registered voter of district
City Court
Jurisdiction: operate in smaller communities where district courts do not exist and exercise citywide jurisdiction
Selection of Judges: nonpartisan election
Retention of Judges: reelection
Qualifications: --
Note: Amendment 80, approved by the voters in the November 2000 elections, merged Arkansas' courts of limited jurisdiction (municipal courts, justice of the peace courts, corporation courts, police courts, and courts of common pleas) into one court--the district court. The process of court consolidation is to be complete by January 1, 2005. There will be at least one district court in each county. City courts will remain in existence unless abolished by the governing body of the city or by the general assembly.