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State of Alabama

Methods of Judicial Selection: Alabama

Limited Jurisdiction Courts

District Court
Jurisdiction: misdemeanor criminal cases; civil cases under $10,000
Selection of Judges: partisan election
Retention of Judges: reelection
Qualifications: licensed to practice law 3 yrs
Probate Court
Jurisdiction: probate of wills; administration of intestate estates; determination of property rights of widows; processing of adoptions; recording of all land partitions and sales
Selection of Judges: partisan election
Retention of Judges: reelection
Qualifications: --
Municipal Court
Jurisdiction: cases arising under municipal ordinances
Selection of Judges: appointed by governing body of municipality
Retention of Judges: reappointment
Qualifications: licensed in state
Note: Municipal governing bodies may abolish local courts and transfer jurisdiction to the county's district court.